PRESTS EXPERIENCE OF EVALUATION

Authors
Citation
P. Hills, PRESTS EXPERIENCE OF EVALUATION, Scientometrics, 34(3), 1995, pp. 401-414
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Information Science & Library Science","Information Science & Library Science
Journal title
ISSN journal
0138-9130
Volume
34
Issue
3
Year of publication
1995
Pages
401 - 414
Database
ISI
SICI code
0138-9130(1995)34:3<401:PEOE>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
PREST's experience of evaluation is not as an isolated activity, but a s one that has grown out of, and is still embedded in, a broader progr amme of work on science policy and management. This reflects a convict ion that evaluation should be embedded in a wider management system in cluding verifiable objectives and sound feedback mechanisms. The key t o successful evaluation is meticulous planning and evaluation design. PREST's evaluation work has been based mostly on surveys of opinion su pplemented by statistical data. In any evaluation the different actors may all agree overtly on their objectives, but covertly have differen t and incompatible aims. In this situation PREST apply transparent pri nciples of procedure. Evaluation has had a significant effect on the s cience and technology management culture. In a few cases it is possibl e to distinguish a direct link between evaluation findings and subsequ ent decisions. Usually, however, it is difficult to do so with precisi on, because evaluation is but one of several influences on policy deve lopment. The demand for evaluation will probably intensify, perhaps in cluding simpler, more automatic approaches. There may also be an incre ased interest in more refined qualitative approaches.