RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT EVALUATION - DEVELOPMENTS IN JAPAN

Citation
K. Gonda et F. Kakizaki, RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT EVALUATION - DEVELOPMENTS IN JAPAN, Scientometrics, 34(3), 1995, pp. 375-389
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Information Science & Library Science","Information Science & Library Science
Journal title
ISSN journal
0138-9130
Volume
34
Issue
3
Year of publication
1995
Pages
375 - 389
Database
ISI
SICI code
0138-9130(1995)34:3<375:RTADE->2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
The research, technology and development (RTD) evaluation in terms of science and technology policy has come to be important in stimulating research activities and in continuously keeping the vitality and the h igher quality of research in RTD institutions. There are two criteria on the RTD evaluation, i.e., in-house evaluation from the stand point of RTD management and independent macroscopic evaluation for the decis ion making of companies and/or policy making for science and technolog y policy. The most important point for RTD evaluation in the former cr iteria is in the mission itself. RTD in universities, public research institutes, and enterprises have different objectives and characterist ics. Therefore, the mission and methodology of RTD evaluations should be different, by categorized type and objectives of research instituti ons, and be developed inhouse. Results of RTD evaluations should be fe d back to researchers or engineers and disclosed principally if the mi ssion was to stimulate knowledge creation through RTD activities. The in-house RTD evaluation can be classified in general into three catego ries: prior evaluation, mid-term review, and ex-post facto review. The methodologies to evaluate RTD in each phase of the RTD process are di fferent, even among those institutes categorized into the same type su ch as national and regional research institutes. In this paper, two ca ses of RTD evaluation a) in Riken, which was founded in 1917 as a priv ate research foundation and later reorganized as a semi-public researc h corporation of the Science and Technology-Agency, b) in regional pub lic research institutes. RTD evaluation from the view point of policy assessment of governmental science and technology policy is discussed through analysis of data obtained by the survey of research activities in regional public research institutes. It can be concluded that deve lopments and introduction of RTD evaluation as a new management system in these institutes is improving the research environment and advanci ng the quality of research. The differences of RTD evaluation between a Center of Excellence (COE) such as Riken and local technology center s, will be compared and the policy implication of RTD evaluation will also be discussed in terms of promotion of science and technology.