US RESEARCH ASSESSMENT - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Authors
Citation
S. Cozzens, US RESEARCH ASSESSMENT - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, Scientometrics, 34(3), 1995, pp. 351-362
Citations number
NO
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Information Science & Library Science","Information Science & Library Science
Journal title
ISSN journal
0138-9130
Volume
34
Issue
3
Year of publication
1995
Pages
351 - 362
Database
ISI
SICI code
0138-9130(1995)34:3<351:URA-RD>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Over the last decade, ex post research assessment at the program level in the United States has seemed much less active than the equivalent activities in Europe, both west and east. This seeming lull was the re sult of a decline in program evaluation activity across the U.S. gover nment in the 1980s, which slowed the rate of formal evaluations. Progr am review activities within agencies, however, were common, especially at such mission-oriented research supporting organizations as the Dep artment of Energy and the Office of Naval Research. Review processes a t these agencies relied primarily on expert assessment, sometimes at t he project level, supplemented by user inputs. Quantitative performanc e measures were seldom used. That situation is about to change. In 199 3, Congress passed the Government Performance and Results Act, which r equires all agencies including those support research to set quantitat ive performance targets and report annually on their progress toward t hem. Agencies with clear technological goals are rapidly developing se ts of indicators for this use, including peer assessments, bibliometri c measures including patents, and customer satisfaction ratings. But f undamental research agencies do not find such measures satisfactory, a nd are just beginning to develop alternative ones.