2ND-LINE AND ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS FOR ALCOHOL-WITHDRAWAL - ALPHA-AGONISTS, BETA-BLOCKERS, ANTICONVULSANTS, ACUPUNCTURE AND NEURO-ELECTRICTHERAPY

Authors
Citation
C. Brewer, 2ND-LINE AND ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS FOR ALCOHOL-WITHDRAWAL - ALPHA-AGONISTS, BETA-BLOCKERS, ANTICONVULSANTS, ACUPUNCTURE AND NEURO-ELECTRICTHERAPY, Alcohol and alcoholism, 30(6), 1995, pp. 799-803
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Substance Abuse
Journal title
ISSN journal
0735-0414
Volume
30
Issue
6
Year of publication
1995
Pages
799 - 803
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(1995)30:6<799:2AATFA>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Drugs which reduce autonomic overactivity but have no sedative effects can be useful in alcohol withdrawal, either as the sole pharmacologic al intervention or in conjunction with sedative drugs. They may reduce sedative requirements, but their lack of anticonvulsant and anti-deli rium effect can be a disadvantage. Beta-blockers are more effective th an alpha-2 agonists. Non-sedative anticonvulsants are of questionable value. Acupuncture and neuro-electric therapy, though often popular wi th patients and therapists, appear to be no more than impressive place bos in this context. Non-specific treatment effects can be very promin ent in withdrawal. Support, information, reassurance and good nursing can reduce the need for specific pharmacological or psychological inte rventions.