MEDICAL-EDUCATION ABOUT ALCOHOL - REVIEW OF ITS ROLE AND EFFECTIVENESS

Authors
Citation
Ra. Walsh, MEDICAL-EDUCATION ABOUT ALCOHOL - REVIEW OF ITS ROLE AND EFFECTIVENESS, Alcohol and alcoholism, 30(6), 1995, pp. 689-702
Citations number
125
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Substance Abuse
Journal title
ISSN journal
0735-0414
Volume
30
Issue
6
Year of publication
1995
Pages
689 - 702
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(1995)30:6<689:MAA-RO>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
Many reports have described inadequate responses by doctors to problem s associated with alcohol misuse. Low levels of medical knowledge and inappropriate attitudes continue to be documented in the alcohol area. However, in recent years, greater emphasis has been placed on the nee d to improve doctors' skills in relation to alcohol problem detection and intervention. Experiential teaching approaches have been recommend ed and strategies which incorporate feedback methods offer considerabl e promise. In the United Kingdom and Canada, there has been no central ly funded approach to improve alcohol medical education. In contrast, federally funded initiatives in the United States of America and Austr alia have been associated with impressive increases in alcohol-related teaching hours and elective opportunities. Despite the substantial ef fort invested in achieving these curriculum gains, there is a dearth o f research demonstrating impacts on medical behaviours or evaluating t he cost-effectiveness of different educational strategies. Evidence fr om trials in smoking cessation training indicate that well-designed pr ogrammes can alter doctor behaviours in relation to substance abuse. I f the alcohol medical education field is to progress, there is an urge nt need for the development and evaluation of programmes which are bet ter designed and are more informed by theory.