EXPRESSION OF PITUITARY ADENYLATE CYCLASE-ACTIVATING POLYPEPTIDE IN DORSAL-ROOT GANGLIA FOLLOWING AXOTOMY - TIME-COURSE AND COEXISTENCE

Citation
Q. Zhang et al., EXPRESSION OF PITUITARY ADENYLATE CYCLASE-ACTIVATING POLYPEPTIDE IN DORSAL-ROOT GANGLIA FOLLOWING AXOTOMY - TIME-COURSE AND COEXISTENCE, Brain research, 705(1-2), 1995, pp. 149-158
Citations number
35
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences
Journal title
ISSN journal
0006-8993
Volume
705
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
1995
Pages
149 - 158
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-8993(1995)705:1-2<149:EOPACP>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has recentl y been demonstrated in sensory neurons. In the present study on rat 17 .5% of all neurons, mainly of small size, contained PACAP in normal do rsal root ganglia (DRGs). Transection of the sciatic nerve induced a r apid and strong upregulation in PACAP peptide and mRNA levels which co uld be seen already after 15 h. After 3 days more than 51.5% of neuron s of different sizes expressed PACAP. However, the intensity of PACAP- LI in the DRG neurons declined after 10 days. Thirty days after axotom y, 56.7% of the DRG neurons still expressed PACAP, but with a low inte nsity, in fact even lower than in normal controls. No VIP- or NPY-posi tive neurons were observed in normal or axotomized DRGs at 15 h. Howev er a distinct increase in VIP and NPY levels were seen 3 days after th e lesion, and their levels were considerably higher after 30 days. PAC AP was often present in neurons expressing VIP, NPY and/or galanin. Th us, 3 days after injury, PACAP was present in 84.4%, 95.7%, and 76.8% of the VIP-, NPY-, and galanin-positive neurons, respectively. PACAP w as also found in nerve fibers in control sciatic nerves. After nerve l igation, accumulation of PACAP was seen mainly proximal to the injury but also distally, suggesting both anterograde and retrograde transpor t of the peptide. Also a moderate increase (about 20%) in PACAP levels was found in the superficial spinal dorsal horn 3 days after nerve tr ansection. Taken together, our results suggest that PACAP is involved in the response to nerve injury. The very high levels of expression in different populations of DRG neurons after axotomy, and its different time course as compared to galanin, NPY and VIP indicate that it may play a complementary and/or different role than these peptides in the adaptation to nerve injury, especially in its early phase.