SAFEGUARDING OF LATHES AND OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS

Authors
Citation
U. Varonen, SAFEGUARDING OF LATHES AND OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS, Safety science, 21(1), 1995, pp. 15-22
Citations number
7
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Engineering, Industrial
Journal title
ISSN journal
0925-7535
Volume
21
Issue
1
Year of publication
1995
Pages
15 - 22
Database
ISI
SICI code
0925-7535(1995)21:1<15:SOLAOA>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to determine whether better safeguarding of lathes used for metal cutting had affected the number of occupation al accidents occurring during metal lathe work. The study consisted of two parts: (i) safeguarding of lathes and analysis of lathe accidents which occurred throughout the entire province of Hame; and (ii) safeg uarding of lathes and analysis of lathe accidents in 12 target enterpr ises. The safeguarding of lathes as well as the number and type of lat he accidents were studied from July 1, 1981 to June 30, 1982, and agai n from January 1 to December 31, 1986. The safeguarding of lathes impr oved during the periods studied, both in the whole province of Hame an d in 12 target enterprises. In the province of Hame, the number of occ upational accidents involving lathes decreased during the periods stud ied by almost half, from 194 to 103. The accident frequency fell from 81 to 46; this difference is statistically significant. In the 12 targ et enterprises, too, the number of occupational accidents decreased cl early, from 60 to 22. The accident frequency fell from 164 to 55, whic h is a statistically significant drop. The number of lathe accidents d ecreased as the safeguarding of lathes improved. The number of lathe a ccidents did not, however, correlate directly with the safeguarding of lathes. However, it seems obvious that safeguards have significant ef fect on lathe accidents, but safety cannot be merely guaranteed by saf eguards. Attention must be paid also to safe working practices.