FEDERAL, RESEARCH IMPACT ASSESSMENT - AXIOMS, APPROACHES, APPLICATIONS

Authors
Citation
Rn. Kostoff, FEDERAL, RESEARCH IMPACT ASSESSMENT - AXIOMS, APPROACHES, APPLICATIONS, Scientometrics, 34(2), 1995, pp. 163-206
Citations number
113
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Information Science & Library Science","Information Science & Library Science
Journal title
ISSN journal
0138-9130
Volume
34
Issue
2
Year of publication
1995
Pages
163 - 206
Database
ISI
SICI code
0138-9130(1995)34:2<163:FRIA-A>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
This paper describes the practice of Federal research impact assessmen t. Evaluation of research impact is described for three cases: Researc h selection, where the work has not yet been performed; Research revie w, where work and results are ongoing; and Ex-post research assessment , where research has been completed and results can be tracked. Retros pective methods (such as projects Hindsight an TRACES), qualitative me thods (such as peer review), and quantitative methods (such as cost-be nefit analysis and bibliometrics) are described. While peer review in its broadest sense is the most widely used method in research selectio n, review, and ex-post assessment, it has its deficiencies, and there is no single method which provides a complete impact evaluation.