CONCENTRATION-TIME PROFILES OF ETHANOL IN ARTERIAL AND VENOUS-BLOOD AND END-EXPIRED BREATH DURING AND AFTER INTRAVENOUS-INFUSION

Citation
Aw. Jones et al., CONCENTRATION-TIME PROFILES OF ETHANOL IN ARTERIAL AND VENOUS-BLOOD AND END-EXPIRED BREATH DURING AND AFTER INTRAVENOUS-INFUSION, Journal of forensic sciences, 42(6), 1997, pp. 1088-1094
Citations number
28
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Medicine, Legal
ISSN journal
0022-1198
Volume
42
Issue
6
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1088 - 1094
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1198(1997)42:6<1088:CPOEIA>2.0.ZU;2-4
Abstract
Ethanol (0.40 g/kg) was administered to 13 healthy men by intravenous (i.v.) infusion at a constant rate for 30 min. The concentrations of e thanol in arterial blood (ABAC), venous blood (VBAC), and end-expired breath (BrAC) were measured at 17 exactly timed intervals. Blood-ethan ol was determined by headspace gas chromatography and breath-ethanol w as measured with a quantitative infrared analyzer (DataMaster). BrAC w as multiplied by 2300 to estimate the concentrations of alcohol in blo od. During the infusion of ethanol, ABAC exceeded VBAC by about 10 mg/ dL on the average and ABAC was also higher than BrAC x 2300 by about 4 mg/dL on average. When infusion of alcohol ended, ABAC, VBAC, and BrA C were 94.8 +/- 2.06 (+/- SE), 84.7 +/- 1.54, and 89.3 +/- 2.10 mg/dL, respectively. The concentrations of alcohol in blood (ABAC and VBAC) and breath decreased abruptly after the administration of alcohol stop ped and by 5 min postinfusion, the A-V differences in concentration of ethanol were small or negligible. The mean apparent half-life of the distribution plunge was 7 to 8 min, being about the same for ABAC, VBA C, and BrAC. The disappearance rate of ethanol was 15.5 +/- 0.55 mg/dL /h (mean +/- SE) for arterial blood, 15.2 +/- 0.49 mg/dL/h for venous blood, and 16.3 +/- 0.73 mg/230 L/h for breath; no significant differe nces were noted (p > 0.05). We conclude that A-V differences in the co ncentration of ethanol exist during the loading phase but are rapidly abolished when the administration of ethanol terminates. In the post-a bsorptive phase of ethanol kinetics, when alcohol has mixed with the t otal body water, VBAC exceeds ABAC by about 1-2 mg/100 mL on average.